THE ZOLA HOUSE WILL REOPEN IN 2017
(restoration of the Zola house, development of a Dreyfus museum)
  Alfred Dreyfus - Emile Zola

 
-1-
Portrait of Alfred Dreyfus.
© Zola House Dreyfus Museum

-2-
January 5th 1895. While being
dishonourably discharged,
Dreyfus cries: “Soldiers, they are
dishonouring an innocent man!
Vive la France! Vive l’armée!”
© DR.

-3-
1899 Dreyfus is again accorded
the right to wear a uniform but the
military guard turn their backs
on him. © Roger-Viollet.
 
 
 
_1859
Alfred Dreyfus is born in Mulhouse
on October 9th, the youngest child
of a Jewish family that has lived in
Alsace for several centuries. The
family is well regarded and had
become prosperous through
cottage crafts and the textile trade.


_1870
Prussia invades and annexes
Alsace. The humiliation suffered by
the French troops acts as a
catalyst and spawns young Alfred’s
desire to enlist in the military.
The Dreyfus family take refuge
in Carpentras.


_1872 - 1878
Alfred Dreyfus attends the collège
Sainte-Barbe and the collège
Chaptal in Paris.
He receives his Baccalaureate and
enters the École Polytechnique.


_1882 - 1894
He begins a career as an artillery
officer in Le Mans, Paris and
Bourges. He is transferred to the
French War Academy, the École
de guerre, where he shines as
a General Staff officer.


_1892
The beginning of a press campaign
against the presence of Jewish
officers in the Army.


  _1894
September 26th: discovery of a
“bordereau” or note indicating that
documents concerning French
Army weapons have been passed
to the German Embassy; the spy
in question has to be a specialist
in artillery and an officer on the
General Staff. October 15th:
Captain Dreyfus is arrested on
the flimsy grounds that his own
handwriting has similarities.
December 22nd: a military court
finds him guilty of treason and
deports him to a penal colony.


_1895
January 5th: Dreyfus is
dishonourably discharged in the
courtyard of the École militaire.
April 13th: he arrives on Devil’s
Island (Guyana).


_1896
Lieutenant colonel Georges Picquart
discovers that the true author of
the bordereau is a certain
Esterhazy. “I was horrified”, he
writes. He alerts his superiors who
refuse to review a case that has
“already been tried”.

  _1899
June 3rd: France’s highest appeals
court, the Cour de Cassation,
finally overturns the 1894 conviction
and sends the case back to the
Military Court in Rennes.
Their verdict : guilty with mitigating
circumstances. Dreyfus is
sentenced to ten years in jail.
September 19th: Dreyfus is offered
a Presidential pardon and accepts.


_1906
July 12th: the Appeals Court
definitively overturns the Rennes
conviction. Dreyfus is rehabilitated
and reintegrated into the Army
with the rank of battalion Chief.
He is made a Chevalier of the
Légion d’honneur.


_1917
As a major in the French Army,
he participates in the terrible
combats of the First World War.


_1935
July 12th: Dreyfus dies in Paris.
 
   
 
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